We are all potential ‘terrorists’ according to British anti-terrorism legislation

The UK anti-terrorist act effectively provides justification for state terrorism

It is certainly surprising that the powers were wielded, in my case, against a British national.  Nationals should not normally be questioned in this way about their reasons for entering the territory of their own country – John Laughland

On 30th November 2021 I was apprehended and detained at Heathrow Terminal 3 under Schedule 3 Counter Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 by two plain clothed police officers. I was interrogated for six hours (the maximum time you can be detained). My bags were searched by a team of uniformed police officers. All material was downloaded from my mobile phone.

As I was (I believe) the first in what would be a series of detentions of UK citizens – journalists or individuals with views that challenge UK foreign policy – there was no precedent for me to rely on to help me navigate procedure. I was told if I did not surrender my mobile phone, passwords etc I would be arrested. I was told I had no choice but to give DNA, fingerprints and have my photo taken as if I were a suspected criminal.

The questions I was asked related to my work in Syria and especially my work on exposing the UK FCDO-incubated White Helmet organisation embedded exclusively with illegal armed groups dominated by Al Qaeda since their establishment in 2013 in Turkey and Jordan – by a former British Military Intelligence Officer, James Le Mesurier.

Since the event my lawyer has requested copies of my signed consents and a written record of my detention, both of which I was promised by the officers who questioned me. To date, nothing has been received.

We have also requested the following information:

If it is MPS‘s position that the material has been copied and retained in accordance
with the Schedule and the Code please explain what steps have been
taken in relation to the phone and the material contained on it since it was taken from my phone on 30 November 2021 and why these steps are lawful and authorised. Has this material been supplied to a third party? If yes, why and for what purpose?

Would you also please verify that I had no legal right to refuse the DNA test and fingerprints. Would you please tell me what will be done with these elements. Are they stored, are they destroyed. If they are stored, for what specific purpose?

To date, no answer has been forthcoming from the Metropolitan Police legal sector.

Yesterday I was alerted to the case of John Laughland, author, historian and Director of the FVD – Forum for Democracy, the largest political party in the Netherlands with 60,000 members.

John Laughland is the author of Travesty: the Trial of Slobodan Milosevic and the Corruption of International Justice. In 2007, Laughland wrote in The Guardian:

The allegations against Milosevic over Bosnia and Croatia were cooked up in 2001, two years after an earlier indictment had been issued against him by the separate international criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at the height of Nato’s attack on Yugoslavia in 1999. Notwithstanding the atrocities on all sides in Kosovo, Nato claims that Serbia was pursuing genocide turned out to be war propaganda, so the ICTY prosecutor decided to bolster a weak case by trying to “get” Milosevic for Bosnia as well. It took two years and 300 witnesses, but the prosecution never managed to produce conclusive evidence against its star defendant, and its central case has now been conclusively blown out of the water.

In October 2022 Laughland wrote an article published at the FVD website entitled ‘Europe’s descent into totalitarianism’. In it Laughland describes being detained at Gatwick Airport on 7th October 2022 at 11.30pm:

On 7 October 2022, late in the evening, at around 11.30 pm, I was detained at Gatwick Airport in London by anti-terrorism police.  I was not released until shortly before 1 am and my computer was taken from me. It has not yet been returned.

My passport and all my personal belongings – my wallet, my phone, my keys, everything – were removed.  I was taken to a room where I was questioned for an hour by two anti-terrorism police officers, acting under powers given to the police (as I learned for the first time) by Schedule 3 of the 2019 Counter-terrorism and Border Security Act

Laughland goes on to describe the pretext used to justify his detention:

The Act is supposedly designed to allow the police to detain ‘hostile actors’ who are travelling to the country to ‘plan, prepare or carry out their hostile acts’ (according to the leaflet the officers gave me).  But the Act itself says, ‘An examining officer may exercise the powers under this paragraph whether or not there are grounds for suspecting that a person is or has been engaged in hostile activity’ (my emphasis)[1].  So an Act ostensibly designed to allow hostile actors to be stopped in fact applies indiscriminately to everyone, according to its own explicit terms.

It is certainly surprising that the powers were wielded, in my case, against a British national.  Nationals should not normally be questioned in this way about their reasons for entering the territory of their own country.

Despite being ‘detained’ Laughland was told he was not actually being detained and therefore had no right to have access to a lawyer. As Laughland pointed out:

But of course I was being detained, since it was impossible for me to leave the interrogation room and, even more so, the airport, without my passport and personal effects. (I was kept on the ‘air side’, i.e. before passing through passport control.)  The word ‘detained’ has evidently been emptied of all meanin

According to the leaflet, ‘Unlike most other Police powers, the power to stop, question, search and, if necessary, detain persons under Schedule 3 does not require authority or any suspicion.’ Laughland points out:

So the special powers enjoyed by the Police at UK ports are a ‘regime of exception’ in which the normal safeguards of the rule of law have been tossed aside.

It goes on, ’You can be searched, and anything you have with you … this includes electronic devices … where searches are conducted, there is no requirement for a written notice of search to be provided to you.  Under certain circumstances, the officer can seize any property they find.’

What are these ‘certain circumstances’?  When I protested at the fact that my computer was being taken from me, which would prevent me from working until it is returned, and when I offered to bring it to a police station the following day, the officer replied that it was out of the question that it would not be taken.  In other words, there are no ‘certain circumstances.’ The seizure of such devices is, on the contrary, the rule.

Laughland notes that ‘In a state of law, the Police can search someone’s property only with a search warrant. This is a document signed by a judge which authorises private property to be searched and seized.  If you look up ‘search warrant’ in Wikipedia, it says, ‘In certain authoritarian nations, police officers may be allowed to search individuals and property without having to obtain court permission or provide justification for their actions.’  According to this standard, the UK is now an ‘authoritarian nation.’

It is precisely what separates a legal state from a dictatorship that the work of the police is not abused for political purposes, yet this is what occurred to me.

The following is the remaining text of Laughland’s article:

The officers questioned me about my work at the Institute of Democracy and Cooperation in Paris from 2008 to 2018 and about my work at the European Parliament since then, and more recently for FVD.  All the information they wanted is available publicly, for instance on Wikipedia.  The questioning was polite but amateurish.

I was asked about my political views.  The officer said, ‘It is a free country, not everyone is so lucky.’  I believe this is what is called ‘the British sense of humour’.

The officers told me that they had had two or three hours to prepare.  This means that they were alerted in London to my imminent arrival at the moment when my boarding pass was scanned in Budapest. Everyone should know this.

They spent those hours looking things up on the Internet.  The officer questioning me seemed unsure of what he was really trying to find out.  The Internet, as everyone should know, is a veritable cesspit of false information and there are endless claims on it about me which are untrue.  Many of these have been repeated recently in the Dutch press, as journalists go online, find what they are looking for and repeat lies told earlier by others.  In my case, they never tire of telling the same fairy tale.

It is bad enough when journalists do this but it is frightening to think that anti-terrorism police officers regard Google as a reliable source of information.  One dreads to think how many genuinely hostile actors pass through the net if this is the Police’s idea of investigation. Unfortunately that is the state of the world today.

It is particularly symbolic that this should happen to me.  Ever since I started to get interested in international criminal law over 20 years ago, I have criticised the way in which international tribunals toss aside the myriad rules and procedures which have accumulated over the centuries to ensure due process.  The British are traditionally proud of these procedures which have protected citizens against abusive state power for centuries.  I have repeatedly warned that these dictatorial practices would soon percolate down into national jurisdictions and destroy the precious inheritance known as the rule of law. This has now happened.

Ever since the EU announced its Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime in December 2020, moreover, I have also pointed out that the EU has given itself the power to punish individuals by executive order.  This is a very dangerous development.  Individuals are punished under this regime without any legal procedure (no trial) and without any means of defending themselves.  So much for human rights!  I have warned for two years now that citizens of Western states would themselves be the target of these sanctions.  This duly happened in July when a British blogger, Graham Philipps, was sanctioned by the United Kingdom which has the same system as the EU and the US.

In other words I, who have been warning that these procedures, introduced at international level, would soon corrupt the criminal law in domestic jurisdictions, have now been proved horribly right by an example of this abuse of which I have now personally been a victim.  It was a profoundly disturbing experience.

Shortly before it happened, FVD International tweeted its disapproval of the EU sanctions imposed on the philosopher, Alexander Dugin.  As we showed with a screen shot of the relevant EU document, the European Council (i.e. the executive) sanctioned Dugin purely for his views.  Nowhere it is alleged that he has actually participated in the invasion of Ukraine nor even that he is guilty of incitement.  Instead, he is sanctioned for thoughtcrime.

Some people who do not like Dugin are pleased at this.  But they should understand that these are seriously abusive powers which can easily, as in my case, be directed against totally innocent people.  To such people I can find no better response that the famous remarks by Pastor Martin Niemöller:

First they came for the Communists and I did not speak out because I was not a Communist.

Then they came for the Socialists and I did not speak out because I was not a Socialist.

Then they came for the trade unionists and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist.

Then they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew

Then they came for me.  And there was no one left to speak out for me.

Europe is sliding into dictatorship.  In fact, it is already there.

End of quote.

Since the detention ‘that was not a detention’ Laughland has appealed (as did I) against the decision to keep a copy of everything on his computer and two judges ruled that it was legitimate to the retain the material because – “although I [John Laughland] was not accused or even suspected of doing anything, I might have links with people who might have done something!” Emphasis added. Here is what the ruling said:

“The reason which has been advanced for the retention of this material is not that Mr Laughland has been engaged in interference activity directed by, or otherwise linked to, the Russian state; it is that he may be linked to individuals who may have been so engaged.” Judge Lord Menzies

As Laughland mentioned to me, note the double use of the conditional in the ruling – ‘he may be linked to individuals who may have been so engaged.’ We are all potential ‘terrorists’ in this case. You have been warned – Britain is a country that illegally incarcerates and tortures journalist Julian Assange and now it is a country that indiscriminately targets its own citizens if they disagree with the state. This is the very Orwellian definition of a totalitarian state.

Totalitarianism is never content to rule by external means, namely, through the state and a machinery of violence; thanks to its peculiar ideology and the role assigned to it in this apparatus of coercion, totalitarianism has discovered a means of dominating and terrorizing human beings from within. Hannah Arendt



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